Choi Hong-hi was a pivotal figure in the development of Taekwondo, and is the founder of the Changheon-yu style of Taekwondo.
This page lists the events of his life in chronological order, with as specific dates as is known. This page will be edited and updated over time.
9 November 1918
Choi Hong-hi is born in 함경북도 hamgyeongbukdo – North Hamgyeong Province – in what is now North Korea, but which was then under Japanese rule. [1, 2, 3]
Choi travels to Japan to study English and Mathematics, and while there begins training in Karate. [1, 3]
Choi is promoted to first degree black belt in Karate.
Choi returns to Korea, where he is drafted into the Japanese army. [1, 2]
Choi is freed from prison just days before being executed, having originally been imprisoned for treason after attempting to join the underground Korean Liberation Army. [1, 2, 3]
Choi is commissioned as a second lieutenant in the newly-formed Korean army.
22 May 1951
Choi’s first son, Choi Jung-hwa, is born on 제주도 jejudo – Jeju Island.
Choi starts a Taekwondo training programme in the military. 
Choi is promoted to the rank of major general. 
11 April 1955
Choi takes part in the naming committee that decides upon the name ‘Taekwondo’ – a name he suggested – for the martial arts styles that he and others have been developing. [2, 3]
Choi and a number of high-ranking students begin touring the Far East to demonstrate Taekwondo. 
Choi publishes the first edition of his textbook on Taekwondo in Korean. https://historyoftaekwondo.org/2015/04/10/1st-ever-taekwon-do-book/ 
Choi is sent to Malaysia as an ambassador. 
Choi publishes an edition of his Taekwondo textbook in English. 
Choi establishes the International Taekwon-do Federation. [1, 2]
Choi publishes the Republic of Korea’s Army Taekwondo Manual – a book similar to his Taekwondo textbook, though his name is not printed anywhere in it. https://historyoftaekwondo.org/2015/07/01/the-1966-rok-army-taekwon-do-manual/ 
Choi emigrates to Canada after the South Korean government objects to his attempts to introduce Taekwondo to North Korea. 
Choi holds the first Taekwondo world championship in Montreal, Canada. 
Choi promotes Choi Chang-keun to eighth degree black belt.
Choi promotes Choi Chang-keun to ninth degree black belt.
15 June 2002
Choi dies of stomach cancer in 평양시 pyeongyangshi – Pyeongyang, North Korea – aged 83. [1, 2, 3]
- The New York Times, Choi Hong Hi, 83, Korean General Who Created Tae Kwon Do (29 June 2002)
- The Guardian, General Choi Hong-hi (9 August 2002)
- The Telegraph, General Choi Hong Hi (26 June 2002)
- History of Taekwondo, The 1966 ROK Army Taekwon-Do Manual
- History of Taekwondo, 1st Ever Taekwon-Do Book