Korean Lesson – Hangeul 4: Basic Syllables

← Previous LessonNext Lesson →

Korean is written in syllabic blocks. The simplest syllabic block contains one consonant and one vowel.

The arrangement of the letters in the syllabic block depends on the shape of the vowel. For example, the following vowels

ㅏ ㅓ ㅣ

are taller than they are wide. Each vowel above is a long vertical line with a dash on the left or right, or no dash.

Some vowels are wider than they are tall, such as

ㅗ ㅜ ㅡ

Each of the above vowels is a long horizontal line with a dash above or below, or no dash.

For tall vowels such as ㅏ ㅓ ㅣ ㅐ and ㅔ, the vowel is drawn on the right hand side of the syllabic block, and the consonant is drawn on the left.

For wide vowels such as ㅗ ㅜ and ㅡ, the vowel is drawn in the lower half of the syllabic block, and the consonant is drawn in the top half.


Korean English
서기 sogi stance
지르기 jirugi punch
제자 jeja student


1. Choose the correct hangeul

For each English term in the table below, choose the correct hangeul.

student a.) 저자 b.) 지자 c.) 제자
stance a.) 세기 b.) 서기 c.) 사기
punch a.) 시르기 b.) 지리기 c.) 지르기


Exercise 1: c, b, c

← Back to the main Korean Lessons page