The spellings and pronunciations of the new Kukki-won forms

Last year, Kukki-won announced that ten new forms had been developed for competitions, with many of the forms being specific to certain age ranges of the competitors.

Kukki-won has given the names of these forms in romanised forms according to the Revised Romanisation of Korean, but the Revised Romanisation is often confusing, so in order to prevent confusion on how to pronounce the names of these forms, here are the names of the ten new forms in various systems of romanisation, as well as an intuitive spelling for those generally unfamiliar with Korean.

Han-geul Hanja Revised Romanisation McCune-Reischauer Romanisation Approximate Pronunciation Meaning
힘차리 none himchari himch’ari heem-cha-ree ‘powerful challenge’
야망 野望 yamang yamang ya-mang ‘ambition’, ‘aspiration’
새별 none saebyeol saebyŏl sey-byol ‘new star’
나르샤 none nareusya narŭsya nar-shya, nar-sha, na-ru-shya, na-ru-sha ‘flying up’
비각 飛脚 * bigak pigak bee-gak, pee-gak ‘flying kick’
어울림 none eoullim ŏullim oh-oo-leem ‘harmony’, ‘society’, ‘appropriateness’
새아라 none saeara saeara sey-a-ra ‘sun rising sea’
한솔 none hansol hansol han-sorl ‘great pine tree’, ‘large pine tree’
나래 none narae narae na-rey ‘wing’, ‘bird’s wing’
온누리 none onnuri onnuri on-noo-ree ‘whole world’

* This is assumed to be the hanja for the name of this form, but may not be.

Already interesting with the names of these new forms is that most of them do not have a hanja writing. This is very unusual for form names in Taekwondo; by far the majority of all forms in Taekwondo have names that can be written in both han-geul and hanja – indeed all of the other forms in Kukki-won Taekwondo have this property.